The following are notes that go with the gallery of photos in Barilo Ethnographic Collection. Thank you Vesela and Dita for archiving and sharing your amazing collection and knowledge. Please see their contact details below.
1. Open source sewing patterns for clothing. Women from Blato used to write up their own patterns for sewing clothes. They would then collate them and have them professionally bound in Blato.
2. Sewing patterns. An example of a pattern which came complete with a ruler for any required adjustments when making the clothes. And then they had them bound into a hard cover book (see previous image).
3. An extensive collection of handmade household linen.
4. Women’s folk dress. The dress is made of linen which is dyed using bark from a pine tree. The bark was pulverised and turned into a dye. Each dress was the same design, but the colour varied according to the variations of each person’s dye. The one with a red belt signifies a married woman.
5. Women’s folk dress. The belts varied according to marital status of the woman wearing it. The socks also vary according to whether married or single – white for married women and red for single women, (opposite of the belts).
6. Traditional men’s cap, part of folk clothing.
7. Zidnica. These protected walls in the kitchen from damage and is an ethnographic treasure. They say a lot about the way kitchens looked like, women’s dress, humour, married life and economic relations. This one says:
KUHARICE MANJE ZBORI DA TI RUČAK NE ZAGORI!
Cook, talk less, so your lunch does not become a mess!
8. SLASNO JELO U ZDJELICI TO JE DIKA KUHARICI.
Delicious meal in a bowl is a cook’s pride.
9. ZAŠTO GLEDAŠ SAD U LONAC, KAD MI NISI DAO NOVAC!
Why are you now looking into the pot, when money you did give not!
10. Close-up of bathing area. Instructions for bathing and a small zidnica to place toothbrushes on the top right.
11. U KUHINJI ZA MUŽA NEMA MJESTA JER NE ZNA MIJESITI TIJESTA.
There is no place for a husband in a kitchen, because he does not know how to make pastry.
12. PTIČICE POLETI BRZO DRAGOM MOM I RECI DA HA LJUBIM DUŠOM SVOM.
Birdie, fly fast to my darling, and tell him I love him with all my soul.
13. PLATI MUŽU SVE JE SKUPO JADIKOVAT SAD JE GLUPO.
Pay, my husband, pay, everything is expensive, it is stupid to complain now.
14. ŠTA TI TREBA – PIĆE, GLAZBA, KARTE ILI ŽENA KOJA MISLI NA TE?
What do you need – drinks, music, cards, or a wife who thinks of you?
15. GOSPODINE MOJ MLADI! OVA KAPLJICA NEK’ VAM ŽIVOT SLADI!
My dear young Sir! This cup should sweeten up your life!
16. Zidnica of varying sizes and colours.
17. Zidnica with image of stove.
19. Bathing washing area complete with instructions.
20. Wooden barrels used as backpacks carrying liquid up to 25 litres. One would be for water, and the other one for modra galica. Each separate barrel would be taken to vineyards where the grapes would be sprayed with this mixture. Modra galica blue crystals are the same crystals that fishermen used to hunt octopus.
21. Kamenica: Stone container for grinding salt.
22. Kamenica: Stone container for storing oil.
23. Donkey saddle that carries rocks.
24. Fishing methods and equipment. Vrša (like a craypot) – a container where a fish gets in, and does not know how to leave. A parangal, another device for fishing.
25. Persika: This one is only a fraction of their full size, at their best, they can grow up to one meter. A successful symbiosis between a crab and a shell can create a beautiful pearl. Periska shells became an endangered species due to overfishing in the 70s and in 1982 a ban was issued. Now they are growing again.
26. Floaties and fire holder. A metal structure to hold a fire which is used for night fishing. The gourds were used as floaties for swimming.
27. Fishing and other objects.
28. Goat skin bags for carrying liquid. These bags were good because once they were filled their shape was flexible and not hard on the body as it was being carried. A billy goat’s skin is used specifically where testicles serve as a handle or a grip. It is used to carry MOŠT. Mošt is a heavenly grape juice, freshly squeezed after grape harvesting, a step before fermentation in the wine making process.
29. A 100 year old orange tree.
30. Croatian buće (bowls) and preparation objects. Metal bowl was used for making soap. Barrel was used for salting meat, pršut (prosciutto).
31. Food preparation objects. One is for wine (a grape press), the metal objects are part of a still to make brandy, plus a bag to put olives in for making oil.
32. A net. Women use this to separate grapes from leaves, they do this by just rolling them lightly on the top of the net and they separate easily.
33. Medicinal herb for metal cuts or injuries – stolisnik, hajdučka trava.
34. Medicinal herbs used as a disinfectant – kaloper.
35. Kamenica: Stone vessel for separating liquid into olive oil. What was leftover was used to create soap.
36. Cooking area: bruštula – for roasting coffee.
37. Stove and oven for food preparation in the kitchen.
38. Stone grinder for wheat.
39. Kitchen equipment: Olive pip remover from Blato, pasta flattener (Italy), cheese and cold meats slicer (Germany), coffee grinder (England).
40. 1953 Calendar. This calendar documents daily penciled in amounts of milk per milking per family. Apparently there was just one cow in the village, and everybody milked that one cow.
To visit this collection visit Blato on the island of Korcula, Croatia.
Call in advance as it may be closed in the off season. Their details are: ditaskrablin(at)gmail.com or call these numbers +385 (0)20 851 623 or
+385 (0)91 54 65 172